7 Complications That Can Arise During Pregnancy

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Some pregnancies are uncomplicated others are not, and can leave a bitter taste in the mouth if not handled properly. That said, it is important to know which serious medical issues are likely to occur during pregnancy.

1. Miscarriage:

This is the loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks and it occurs in about 15% of pregnancies. Most first-trimester miscarriages are believed to be caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg that keep the embryo from developing. Vaginal spotting or bleeding is usually the first sign, though it’s not uncommon to spot or bleed in early pregnancy even if you’re not miscarrying. 

2. Premature labor and birth:

This presents with regular contractions that cause your cervix to dilate (open) before 37 weeks of pregnancy. A baby delivered before 37 weeks is called preterm and such baby is considered premature and neessa to be sustained in an incubator. It can be fatal for the child if it happens earlier. The more mature a child is at birth, the more likely he is to survive and be healthy.

3. Preeclampsia: 

This is a condition usually affecting about 5% of pregnancies.Preeclampsia presents with high blood pressure, protein in the urine, liver or kidney abnormalities after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Preeclampsia can progress very quickly and affect many organs. It can even cause serious life threatening problems. Most expectant mothers who get preeclampsia develop mild symptoms near their due date, and they and their babies do fine with proper care.

4. Low amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios):

The amniotic sac fills with fluid that protects and supports your developing baby. When there’s too little fluid, it’s called oligohydramnios. According to the March of Dimes, about 4 percent of pregnant women have low levels of amniotic fluid at some point, usually in their third trimester. If this happens to you, your caregiver will follow your pregnancy closely to be sure your baby continues to grow normally. If you’re near the end of your pregnancy, labor will be induced.

5. Gestational diabetes:

Between 2 and 10 percent of expectant mothers develop this type of diabetes. That might not sound like many, but the condition is common enough – and serious enough – that pregnant women routinely get a glucose screening between 24 and 28 weeks to test for it. Exercising regularly helps to reduce blood sugar level so you can deliver healthy babies. Poorly controlled diabetes can have serious consequences for the baby.

6. Ectopic pregnancy

A pregnancy is said to be ectopic when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus. One in fifty pregnancies are ectopic. Ectopic pregnancies are also called tubal pregnancies because the implant in the fallopian tube. Ectopic pregnancies can be fatal if not noticed early, due to bleeding that would occur from the eventual rupture of the fallopian tube. Ending the pregnancy is usually the only option.

7. Placenta previa

Placenta previa occurs when the placenta lies low in the uterus, next to or covering the cervix. It can result to bleeding and other complications causing you to deliver early and also with a ceaserean section. It is usually present in about 1 in 200 deliveries. 

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